The 2015 Mississippi Legislature has made a number of changes to the statutes governing the Mississippi State Board of Contractors, Miss. Code Ann. §§ 31-3-1, et seq. and Miss. Code Ann. §§ 73-59-1, et seq. The enumerated changes are found in Senate Bill 2508 [click here for SB 2508], which have been sent to the Governor for his signature. Listed below are some of the changes:

     

  • Demolition is added to the list of activities covered by the statute for which a certificate of responsibility will be required.

     

  • The thirty (30) day waiting period for an application for a Certificate of Responsibility has been removed.

     

  • The number of entities for which a qualifying party may appear is limited to three (3) unless special permission is granted.

     

  • Grants the Board of Contractors to issue citations to any commercial or residential contractor preforming work with a Certificate of Responsibility and may order the work to be stopped.

     

  • The definition of "resident contractor" has been clarified to include a nonresident person, firm or corporation that has been qualified to do business in this state and has maintained a permanent full-time office in the State of Mississippi for two (2) years prior to submission of the bid.

 

     

  • Board of Contractors now has the authority to issue public reprimands for violations of the statutes and/or regulations.

     

  • The appeal process for commercial and residential contractors from a decision of State Board of Contractors has been clarified and defines content of administrative record which is to be considered on appeal.

     

  • The Board of Contractors has that authority to require residential builders and remodelers issued licenses after July 1, 2015, to have two (2) hours of continuing education per year.

Commercial and residential contractors and subcontractors should read these amended statutes and check the website for the Mississippi State Board of Contractors at http://www.msboc.us/ for any changes to its Rules and Regulations resulting from these legislative changes.

On March 9, 2010, the Mississippi Court of Appeals denied a rehearing in the case of J. Criss Builder, Inc. v. White, but it is not clear the controversy has ended.  The Court has not yet released its opinion for publication which means the decision is still subject to revision or withdrawal.  Perhaps that is because the Court was clearly divided regarding the case as reflected in the four to three decision.

In this case, J. Criss Builder, Inc. ("JCB"), an unlicensed residential contractor, purchased land on which it built a house.  Janie Criss ("Criss"), the owner of JCB and an individually licensed residential contractor, oversaw the construction of the home.  On November 21, 1996, Criss purchased the home from JCB and occupied it as her homestead until February 17, 1997, when it was sold to the Whites.  Even though within one year of moving into the house the Whites noticed a hairline crack in the scored concrete floor which grew bigger over time, the Whites did not file suit for damages from foundation problems until February 12, 2003 – 6 years, 2 months and 22 days after the home had first been occupied by a resident.  On that date, the Whites sued both JCB and Criss, individually.

JCB and Criss sought to have the action dismissed on the basis that the Mississippi statute of repose barred the action.  Specifically, Miss. Code Ann. § 15-1-41 requires an action for damages arising out of construction to be brought "no more than six (6) years after the written acceptance or actual occupancy or use, whichever occurs first." There could be no disputing the fact that the first occupancy of the house occurred on November 21 1996, when Criss purchased the home from JCB for her homestead.  Thus, JCB and Criss contended suit had to be filed by November 21, 2002.  The Court also upheld liability against Criss, individually, even though the property was owned and constructed by JCB "[s]ince Criss was the licensed builder and JCB was legally prohibited from performing residential construction."

The Court majority relied upon a prior decision to conclude that the statute of repose did not apply to circumstances where the possessor and builder were the same and that the statute of repose would not begin to run until the "builder/owner, Criss, undisputably the builder, sold the home to the Whites."  Since suit was filed within 6 years of Criss selling the house to the Whites, the Court ruled the action was not barred.  The three dissenting justices would have barred the action.  They concluded that "Criss-even if considered the builder-purchased the completed home from JCB and actually occupied and used the home in her personal capacity."

The decision leaves more questions than answers.  Would the decision be the same if JCB had been properly licensed?  Residential builders commonly build a home which they occupy first and then sell to someone else.  Under this decision, could a licensed builder build a home, sell to its owner, live in the house ten years, thirty years, or more, and yet the statute of repose still not begin to run until the time the owner sells to a third party?  Clearly, more direction from the Court will be necessary.  Until that time, builders beware: "six years" under the statute of repose may not be six years.